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Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 17-19 centuries
Date of Inscription: 2000
Location: South America, Argentina, Province of Cordoba
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Description: The core buildings of the Jesuit system: the university, the church and residence of the Society of Jesus, and the college make up the Jesuit Block in Cordoba at the center of the former Jesuit Province of Paraguay. Besides the five farming estates, or estancias, the site also contains other religious and secular buildings that illuminate the 150 year religious, social and economic experiment of the 17th-19th centuries. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  The Jesuit Block and Estancias of Córdoba (Spanish:Manzana Jesuítica y Estancias de Córdoba) are a former Jesuit reduction built by missionaries in Córdoba, Argentina, named a World Heritage Site in 2000. The Manzana Jesuítica contains the University of Córdoba, one of the oldest in South America, the Monserrat Secondary School, a church, and residence buildings. To maintain such a project, the Jesuits operated six Estancias around the province of Córdoba, named Caroya, Jesús María, Santa Catalina, Alta Gracia, Candelaria and San Ignacio. The farm and the complex, started in 1615, had to be left by the Jesuits, following the 1767 decree by King Charles III of Spain that expelled them from the continent. They where then run by the Franciscans until 1853, when the Jesuits returned to The Americas. Nevertheless, the university and the high-school were nationalized a year later. Each Estancia has its own church and set of buildings, around which towns grew, such as Alta Gracia, the closest to the Block. The Estancia San Ignacio no longer exists. The Jesuit Block and the Estancias can be visited by tourist; the Road of the Jesuit Estancias has around 250 kilometres of length. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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