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Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie Mountains
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 1st cent.BC&AD
Date of Inscription: 1999
Location: Europe, Romania, Region of Transylvania, Counties of Alba and Hunedoara
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Description: These fortresses, constructed in the 1st centuries B.C. and A.D. under Dacian rule, demonstrate a curious synthesis of military and religious architectural techniques and notions both from the classical world as well as the late European Iron Age. At the beginning of the 2nd century A.D. the Romans conquered these six defensive works, that sit at the heart of the Dacian Kingdom; their widespread and well-preserved vestiges stand within impressive natural surroundings and present a striking depiction of a dynamic and inventive civilization. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Built in murus dacicus style, the six Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie Mountains, in Romania, were created in the 1st centuries BC and AD as protection against Roman conquest. Their extensive and well-preserved remains present a picture of a vigorous and innovative Iron Age civilisation. Today, treasure-hunters are searching the area, as Romania lacks legislation in this domain. The six fortresses - Sarmizegetusa, Blidaru, Piatra Roşie, Costeşti, Căpâlna and Baniţa - that formed the defensive system of Decebalus were designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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