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Historic Centre of Sighişoara
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: Middle Ages
Date of Inscription: 1999
Location: Europe, Romania, Region of Transylvania, Mureş County
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Six official UN languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Other languages: German
Description: Sighisoara was founded by German craftsmen and merchants known as the Saxons of Transylvania. For several centuries this fine little, fortified medieval town played a significant strategic and commercial role on the fringes of central Europe. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  The Sighisoara Citadel is the old historic center of the town of Sighişoara (hu: Segesvár), Romania, built in the 12th century by Saxon colonists under the Latin name Castrum Sex. It is the last inhabited medieval citadel in Europe and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999, for its 850 year old testimony to the history and culture of the Transylvanian Saxons. Birthplace of Vlad III the Impaler, also known as Dracula, Sighişoara (German: Schaessburg) hosts, every year, a medieval festival where arts and crafts blend with rock music and stage plays. The city marks the upper boundary of the Land of Saschen (Germans from Saxony or Luxembourg established in Central Romania in the 12th century). Like its bigger brothers, Sibiu (Hermannstadt - The European Cultural Capital in 2007) and Braşov (Kronstadt), Sighişoara exhibits architecture typical of medieval Germany. During communist era, this German area was preserved and the original architecture is still in place. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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