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Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: Middle Ages
Date of Inscription: 2007
Location: Europe, Estonia, County of Harju
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Description: The crusading knights of the Teutonic Order built a castle here in 13th century, marking the birth of Tallinn. The city developed as a chief centre of the Hanseatic League, evidence of its wealth can seen through the affluence of its public buildings (particularly churches) as well as the domestic architecture of its merchants' houses; these survived despite intervening centuries of ravaging fire and war. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Tallinn (historically known by the German and Swedish name Reval, among other names) is the capital and largest city of Estonia. It lies on the northern coast of Estonia, along the Gulf of Finland. The southern coast of the Gulf of Finland is thought to have been settled by Finnic-speaking tribes already in the 2nd millennium BC. Supposedly, in 1154 Tallinn was placed on the world map of the Almoravid cartographer Muhammad al-Idrisi as Kolyvan. As an important port for trade between Russia and Scandinavia, it became a target for the expansion of the Teutonic Knights and Kingdom of Denmark during the period of Northern Crusades in the beginning of the 13th century when Christianity was forcibly imposed on the local population. Danish rule of Tallinn and Northern Estonia started in 1219.In 1285 the city became the northernmost member of the Hanseatic League - a mercantile and military alliance of German-dominated cities in Northern Europe. Medieval Tallinn enjoyed a strategic position at the crossroads of trade between Western and Northern Europe and Russia. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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