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Pre-Hispanic Town of Uxmal
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: c. A.D. 700
Date of Inscription: 1996
Location: North America, Mexico, Etat de Yucatan, municipalites Muna et Santa Elena
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Description: Founded in c. A.D. 700, the Mayan town of Uxmal, in Yucatán, in its time held about 25,000 inhabitants. The arrangement of the buildings, dating back to 700-1000, communicates an understanding of astronomy. The site’s ceremonial centre is dominated by the Pyramid of the Soothsayer, as the Spaniards called it, which looms over the other well-designed buildings that are adorned with an abundance of symbolic motifs and sculptures depicting Chaac, the god of rain. The Uxmal, Kabah, Labna and Sayil ceremonial sites are regarded as being at the eminent peak of Mayan art and architecture. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Uxmal is a large pre-Columbian ruined city of the Maya civilization in the state of Yucatán, Mexico. It is 78 km south of Mérida, Yucatán, or 110 km from that city on Highway 261 towards Campeche, Campeche), 15 km south-southeast of the town of Muna. Uxmal is pronounced "Oosh-mahl". The place name is Pre-Columbian and it is usually assumed to be an archaic Maya language phrase meaning "Built Three Times", although some scholars of the Maya language dispute this derivation. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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