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Verla Groundwood and Board Mill
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 19-20 Centuries
Date of Inscription: 1996
Location: Europe, Finland, Region of Kymenlaakso, Province of Southern Finland
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Description: In northern Europe and North America in the 19th and early 20th centuries the production of pulp, paper and board flourished. The Verla groundwood and board mill and its connected residential area is an exceptional and well-preserved example of the small-scale rural industrial villages related with this production. Not many of such settlements still survive. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Verla at Jaala, Finland, is a well preserved 19th century mill village and a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1996. The first groundwood mill at Verla was founded in 1872 by Hugo Nauman but was destroyed by fire in 1876. A larger groundwood and board mill, founded in 1882 by Gottlieb Kreidl and Louis Haenel, continued to operate until 1964. The historical paper mill turned museum of board mill technology. The historical machines were preserved in their places (except for several pieces brought from other buildings), so a guided tour to the mill follows the technological process from timber cutting and pulp production to board drying, sorting, and packing. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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