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Historic Centre of Santa Cruz de Mompox
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 1540-19th c.
Date of Inscription: 1995
Location: South America, Colombia, Bolívar Department
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Description: Mompox, set up on the banks of the River Magdalena in 1540, played a major role in the Spanish colonization of northern South America. In the period of the 16th to the 19th century the city developed parallel to the river, with its main street acting as a barrier for the flow of water. The historic centre has retained the urban landscape’s harmonious unity. The city offers an excellent illustration of what a Spanish colonial city was like, as most of the buildings are still used for their original purposes. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Mompox or Mompós, officially Santa Cruz de Mompox, is a town and municipality in northern Colombia, in the Bolívar Department, which has preserved its colonial character. Located on an island in the Magdalena River where it joins the Cauca, 249 kilometers from Cartagena. Mompox depends upon tourism, fishing and some commerce generated by the local cattle raising. It has about 30,000 inhabitants, and is adjacent to the municipalities of Pinillos and San Fernando. Simón Bolívar, liberator of much of Spanish South America, said "If to Caracas I owe my life, then to Mompox I owe my glory." Simón Bolívar arrived in Mompox in 1812 and recruited nearly all of the able bodied men, some four hundred, who formed the basis of the army for his victory in Caracas. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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