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Schokland and Surroundings
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 15th century
Date of Inscription: 1995
Location: Europe, Netherlands, Noordoostpolder, Province of Flevoland
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Description: Schokland was originally a peninsula that slowly turned into an island, completely detaching in the 15th century. It used to be occupied and abandoned; as the sea encroached it was fully evacuated in 1859. Since the 1940s, following the draining of the Zuider Zee, it shaped part of the land repossessed from the sea. Schokland’s remnants of human habitation go back to prehistoric times. The site is a symbol of the heroic, age-old battle of the people of the Netherlands in opposition to the intrusion of the waters. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available. For 360 degree imaging of this site, click here.
  Schokland (mun. Noordoostpolder) is a former island in the Dutch Zuiderzee. Schokland lost its status as an island when the Noordoostpolder was reclaimed from the sea in 1942. The remains are still visible as a slightly elevated part in the polder and by the still partly intact retaining wall of the waterfront of 'Middelbuurt'. As a result from the increasing sea-level Schokland transformed from an attractive settlement area in the Middle Ages to a place under continuous threat by floods in the 19th century. By that time the Schoklanders had retreated to the three most elevated parts, Emmeloord, Molenbuurt, and Middelbuurt. A major flood in 1825 brought massive destruction, and in 1859 the government decided to end permanent settlement on Schokland. The former municipality of Schokland was joined to Kampen on the mainland. Today Schokland is a popular archeological site and host to the Schokland Museum, it was also the first UNESCO World Heritage Site in The Netherlands. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. For 360 degree imaging of this site, click here.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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