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The Sassi and the park of the Rupestrian Churches of Matera
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: Palaeolithic
Date of Inscription: 1993
Location: Europe, Italy, Region of Basilicata, City and Province of Matera
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Description: Matera is located in the southern region of Basilicata. The inscribed site is the most exceptional, intact example of a troglodyte settlement within the Mediterranean region; it is perfectly tailored to its terrain and ecosystem. The first populated zone dates back to the Palaeolithic; settlements of later periods illustrate momentous stages of human history. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Matera has gained international fame for its ancient town, the "Sassi di Matera" (meaning "stones of Matera"). The Sassi originate from a prehistoric (troglodyte) settlement, and are suspected to be some of the first human settlements in Italy. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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