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City of Safranbolu
Site number:
Type of site: Mixed
Date: 13th century
Date of Inscription: 1994
Location: Eurasia, Turkey, Province of Karabuk, City and District of Safranbolu
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Description: As of the 13th century to the early 20th century arrival of the railway, Safranbolu was a central caravan station positioned on the major East–West trade route. The Old Mosque, Old Bath and Süleyman Pasha Medrese were all constructed in 1322. All through its golden age in the 17th century, Safranbolu's architecture inspired urban development during much of the Ottoman Empire. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Safranbolu is a district and a town of Karabük Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. Its location can be roughly described as about two hundred kilometers north of Ankara and about a hundred kilometers south of the Black Sea coast, or more precisely as about 9 kilometers north of the city of Karabük. The Old Town preserves many old buildings, with 1008 registered historical artifacts. These are: 1 private museum, 25 mosques, 5 tombs, 8 historical fountains, 5 Turkish baths, 3 caravanserais, 1 historical clock tower, 1 sundial and hundreds of houses and mansions. Also there are mounds of ancient settlements, rock tombs and historical bridges. The Old Town is situated in a deep ravine in a fairly dry area in the rain shadow of the mountains. The New Town can be found on the plateau about two kilometers west of the Old Town. The name of the town derives from saffron, since Safranbolu was a trading place and a center for growing saffron. Safranbolu was added to the list of UNESCO World Heritage sites in 1994 due to its well-preserved Ottoman era houses and architecture. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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