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Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 14-16th century
Date of Inscription: 1979
Location: Europe, Norway, County of Hordaland, City of Bergen
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Description: Bergen’s old wharf Bryggen stands as a memento of the town's significance within the Hanseatic League's trading empire between the 14th and mid-16th century. The beautiful wooden houses of Bryggen have been vastly destroyed by countless fires, its latest in 1955, but the site has managed to preserve its main structure. Artists nowadays employ several of its remaining 58 buildings as studios. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Bryggen (Norwegian, "The Wharf"), also known as Tyskebryggen ("the German Wharf") is a series of Hanseatic commercial buildings lining the eastern side of the fjord coming into Bergen, Norway. Bryggen is on the UNESCO list for World Cultural Heritage sites. The name has the same origin as the Flemish city of Brugge. The city of Bergen was founded in 1070. In 1360 a Kontor of the Hanseatic League was established there, and as the town developed into an important trading centre, the wharfs were improved. The administrative buildings of Bryggen housed clerks from many areas, especially Germany. The warehouses were filled with goods, particularly fish from northern Norway, and cereal from Europe. Throughout history, Bergen has experienced many fires, since, traditionally, most houses were made from wood. This was also the case for Bryggen, and as of today, ca. 1/4 dates back to the time after 1702, when the older wharfside warehouses and administrative buildings burned down. The rest predominantly consists of younger structures, although there are some stone cellars that date back to the 15th century. Parts of Bryggen were destroyed in a fire in 1955. This area was used for the construction of Bryggen museum containing archeological remains, plus some old-style wooden houses, these being the six leftmost houses on the panoramic picture above. Controversially, a brick hotel was also raised on the premises, which is seen behind these six houses. Today, Bryggen houses tourist, souvenir, and gift shops, in addition to restaurants, pubs and museums. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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