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Old Rauma
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 15th Century
Date of Inscription: 1996
Location: Europe, Finland, Region of Satakunta, Province of Western Finland (formerly Province of Turku-Pori)
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Description: One of Finland’s oldest harbours - Rauma lies on the Gulf of Botnia. An exceptional example of an old wooden Nordic city, Rauma was built around a Franciscan monastery, at a place where the mid-15th-century Holy Cross Church still stands. Even though fire ravaged the site in the late 17th century, it managed to preserve its ancient vernacular architectural heritage. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Old Rauma (Vanha Rauma in Finnish, Gamla Raumo in Swedish) is the wooden city centre of the town of Rauma, Finland. It is listed as a Unesco world heritage site. The area of Old Rauma is about 0.3 km², with approximately six hundred buildings (counting both proper houses and smaller buildings like sheds) and about 800 people living in the area. The town of Rauma expanded outside the Old Rauma proper only in the early 1800s. The oldest buildings date from the 18th century, as two fires of 1640 and 1682 destroyed the town. Most buildings are currently inhabited and owned by private individuals, although along the two main streets and around the town square they are mainly in business use. Locations of special interest include the Kirsti house, which is a seaman's house from the 18th and 19th centuries, and the Marela house, which is a shipowner's house dating to the 18th century but with a 19th century facade, both of which are currently museums. Other sights include the rare stone buildings of the Old Rauma: the Church of the Holy Cross, an old Franciscan monastery church from the 15th century with medieval paintings and the old town hall from 1776. Another church in Rauma, the Church of the Holy Trinity, also from the 15th century, burned in the fire of 1640. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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