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Tiwanaku: Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 500-900 AD
Date of Inscription: 2000
Location: South America, Bolivia, Province of Ingavi, Department of La Paz
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Description: The city of Tiwanaku was the capital of the powerful pre-Hispanic empire that subjugated the areas of the southern Andes, reached its peak between 500 and 900 A.D. This civilization is distinct from any of the other pre-Hispanic empires of the Americas and holds cultural and political significance as demonstrated by the monumental remains left behind them. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Tiwanaku (Spanish spellings: Tiahuanaco and Tiahuanacu) is an important Pre-Columbian archaeological site in Bolivia. Tiwanaku is recognized by Andean scholars as one of the most important precursors to the Inca Empire, flourishing as the ritual and administrative capital of a major state power for approximately five hundred years. The ruins of the ancient city state are near the south-eastern shore of Lake Titicaca, about 72 km (44 miles) west of La Paz, Bolivia. Some have hypothesized that Tiwanaku's modern name is related to the Aymara term "taypikala", meaning "stone in the center". However, the name by which Tiwanaku was known to its inhabitants has been lost, as the people of Tiwanaku had no written language. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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