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Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 1917 - 1920
Date of Inscription: 1994
Location: Europe, Sweden, Stockholm County
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Description: Two young architects, Asplund and Lewerentz, created this Stockholm cemetery between 1917 and 1920 on the site of past gravel pits overrun with pine trees. The design manipulates the site’s irregularities to craft a landscape that is delicately tailored to its function; it unifies vegetation and architectural elements. The site has deeply influenced countless countries of the world. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Skogskyrkogården (translated as The Woodland Cemetery) is a cemetery located in southern Stockholm, Sweden. Its design reflects the development of architecture from national romantic style to mature functionalism. Skogskyrkogården came about following an international competition in 1915 for the design of a new cemetery in Enskede in the southern part of Stockholm, Sweden. The design of Gunnar Asplund and Sigurd Lewerentz, young architects from the Functionalist movement, was selected. Work began in 1917 on land that had been old gravel quarries that were overgrown with pine trees and was completed three years later. The architects' use of the natural landscape created an extraordinary environment of tranquil beauty that had a profound influence on cemetery design throughout the world. The crematorium, with its remarkable Faith, Hope, and Holy Cross Chapels was Gunnar Asplund's final work of architecture, opened shortly after his passing in 1940. In 1994, Skogskyrkogården was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site and although it does not have the number of famous interments as the Norra begravningsplatsen, its much older counterpart in northern Stockholm, it is a major tourist attraction. At the Tallum Pavilion, visitors can see an exhibition about the cemetery and the story of its origins and the two architects whose vision created it. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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