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18th-Century Royal Palace at Caserta with the Park, the Aqueduct of Vanvitelli, and the San Leucio Complex
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: Mid18th century
Date of Inscription: 1997
Location: Europe, Italy, Campania, Provinces of Caserta and Benevento
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Description: The Bourbon king Charles III built the monumental complex at Caserta in the mid-18th century to rival Versailles and the Royal Palace in Madrid. The site wonderfully synthesizes a grand palace with its park and gardens, as well as with the surrounding natural woodland, hunting lodges and a silk factory. The complex being integrated into, rather than imposed on, its natural setting is an articulate material expression of the Enlightenment. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  The Palace of Caserta, in Italian Reggia di Caserta, is a former royal residence in Caserta, constructed for the Bourbon kings of Naples. It was the largest palace and probably the largest building erected in Europe in the eighteenth century. In 1996, the Palace of Caserta was listed among the World Heritage Sites on the grounds that it was "the swan song of the spectacular art of the Baroque, from which it adopted all the features needed to create the illusions of multidirectional space". --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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