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Site number:
Type of site: Mixed
Date: 2nd cent. BC
Date of Inscription: 1988
Location: Eurasia, Turkey, Denizli Province
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Description: Stemming from springs in an almost 200 m high cliff that looks out over the plain, calcite-laden waters have formed an illusory landscape at Pamukkale (Cotton Palace), created with mineral forests, terrified waterfalls and a sequence of terraced basins. The thermal spa of Hierapolis was established at the end of the 2nd century B.C., the dynasty of the Attalids, the kings of Pergamon. The bath, temple and other Greek monument remains can still be seen at the site. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Hierapolis (Greek: Ἱεράπολις 'holy city') was the ancient city on top of the famous Pamukkale hot springs located in south-western Turkey near Denizli. Hierapolis is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. As the hot springs of Pamukkale were used as a spa since the 2nd century B.C., people came to soothe their ailings here. Many of them retired and died here. The large necropolis is filled with sarcophagi. The great baths were constructed with huge stone blocks without the use of cement, and consisted of various closed or open sections linked together. There are deep niches in the inner section of the bath, library, gymnasium and other closed or open locations. The complex, which was constructed in the 2nd century, constitutes a good example of vault-type architecture. The complex is now an archaeological museum. Pamukkale, meaning "cotton castle" in Turkish, is a natural site and attraction in south-western Turkey in the Denizli Province. Pamukkale is located in Turkey's Inner Aegean region, in the River Menderes valley, which enjoys a temperate climate over the greater part of the year. The ancient city of Hierapolis was built on top of the white "castle" which is in total about 2700 meters long and 160m high. It can be seen from a great distance, eg. when driving down the hills on the opposite side of the valley to the town of Denizli, which is 20 km away. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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