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Historic Town of Guanajuato and Adjacent Mines
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 16th century
Date of Inscription: 1988
Location: North America, Mexico, Etat de: Guanajuato. Municipalite: Guanajuato
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Description: Guanajuato, which was founded by the Spanish in the beginning of the 16th century, turned into the world's foremost silver-extraction centre in the 18th century. This past is revealed in the site’s 'subterranean streets' and the 'Boca del Inferno', a plunging 600 m mineshaft. The town gained prosperity from the mines which resulted in numerous fine Baroque and neoclassical buildings, their intricate styles have influenced buildings throughout central Mexico. The churches of La Compañía and La Valenciana are deemed to be some of the most striking examples of Central and South American Baroque architecture. Guanajuato has also witnessed proceedings which changed the country’s history. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  The Mexican city of Guanajuato is the capital of the state of the same name. It is located at 21°02′N, 101°28′W, 370 km (230 miles) northwest of Mexico City, at an elevation of 1,996 m (6,550 ft) above sea level. The 2005 census population was 70,798 people in the city. Guanajuato is also the surrounding municipality of which the city is municipal seat. The municipality had a population of 153,364 and an areal extent of 996.74 km² (384.84 sq mi). The city of Guanajuato lies near the western edge of the municipality, which includes numerous smaller outlying communities, the largest of which are Marfil, Yerbabuena, and Santa Teresa. Guanajuato, although it is the state capital, is only the fifth-largest city in the state, behind León, Irapuato, Celaya, and Salamanca. The historic town and adjacent mines are a World Heritage Site. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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