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Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 1956
Date of Inscription: 1987
Location: South America, Brazil, Federal District
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Description: Built over an empty spot of land in 1956, Brasilia, a capital in the centre of the country, was a landmark in the history of town planning. Lucio Costa, an urban planner, and Oscar Niemeyer, an architect, envisioned that the city’s every element should be in harmony with the overall design of the city; hence every detail - ranging from the layout of the residential and administrative areas (which create the shape of a flying bird) to the symmetry of the buildings themselves - was meticulously planned. The city’s official buildings have come out as particularly imaginative examples including various innovative elements. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Brasília is the capital of Brazil, located in the central part of the country. It has a population of about 2,383,784 as of the 2006 census estimate, and is the seat of the federal government: the president (residing in the Palácio do Planalto), the Brazilian supreme court, and the Brazilian parliament. Brasília is listed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Building of the city began in 1956 with Lúcio Costa as the principal urban planner and Oscar Niemeyer as the principal architect. In 1960, it formally became Brazil's capital. When seen from above, the city's shape resembles an airplane or a butterfly. Brasília is located in the Federal District, which has the same borders as the city. The federal district is surrounded by the Brazilian state of Goiás, except for a short boundary with Minas Gerais. The city is not a traditional municipality by Brazilian law. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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