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Frontiers of the Roman Empire
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 2nd c. AD
Date of Inscription: 1987, 2005
Location: Europe, Germany and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
NHK World Heritage 100 series  
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Description: The site is composed of portions of the Roman Empire’s border line at its greatest height in the 2nd century A.D., elements of what is identified as the “Roman Limes”. In full, the Limes extended over 5,000kms starting by northern Britain’s Atlantic coast, through Europe to the Black Sea, and then to the Red Sea and across North Africa to the Atlantic coast. This site’s vestiges comprise of rampart, wall and ditch, watchtower, fort, and civilian settlement remains; they housed tradesmen, craftsmen and others who military servicemen. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  A limes (or the Limes Romanus) was a border defense system of Ancient Rome. It marked the boundaries of the Roman Empire. The limes was a cross-path or a cross-wall, which the Romans meant to throw across the path of invaders to hinder them. It is a defensive strategy. The Romans never built limites where they considered themselves free to attack. As the emperor had ordered the army to stay within the limites except for punitive expeditions, they were as much a mental barrier as material. The groups of Germanic warriors harrying the limes during summer used the concept to full advantage, knowing that they could concentrate and supply themselves outside the limes without fear of preemptive strikes. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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