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New Lanark
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 18th- century
Date of Inscription: 2001
Location: Europe, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, Scotland, South Lanarkshire
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Description: The small village of New Lanark was founded in the 18th century in an awe-inspiring Scottish landscape where the philanthropist and Utopian idealist Robert Owen shaped an exemplary industrial community in the early 19th century. Still testifying to Owen's humanism are the impressive cotton mill buildings, the spacious and well-designed workers' housing, and the venerable educational institute and school. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  New Lanark is a village on the River Clyde, approximately 1.4 miles (or 2.2 kilometers) from Lanark, in South Lanarkshire, Scotland. It was founded in 1786 by David Dale, who built cotton mills and housing for the mill workers. Dale built the mills there to take advantage of the water power provided by the river. Under the ownership of a partnership that included Dale's son-in-law, Robert Owen, a philanthropist and social reformer, New Lanark became a successful business and an epitome of utopian socialism. The New Lanark mills operated until 1968. After a period of decline, the New Lanark Conservation Trust was founded in 1975 to prevent demolition of the village. As of 2006, most of the buildings have been restored and the village has become a major tourist attraction. It is one of four UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Scotland and an Anchor Point of ERIH - The European Route of Industrial Heritage. The New Lanark cotton mills were founded in 1786, by David Dale. Dale was one of the self-made "Burgher Gentry" of Glasgow who, like most of this gentry, had a summer retreat, an estate at Rosebank, Cambuslang, not far from the Falls of Clyde, which have been painted by J. M. W. Turner and many other artists. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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