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Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 1st c. AD
Date of Inscription: 1986
Location: Europe, Germany, State of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz)
NHK World Heritage 100 series  
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Description: On the Moselle River sits Trier - a Roman colony from the 1st century A.D. Beginning in the next century it was a great trading centre, and at the end of the 3rd century it became one of the capitals of the Tetrarchy, at what time it was branded as the 'second Rome'. The large number and quality of the accessible monuments are an exceptional illustration of Roman civilization. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  The Cathedral of Trier (German: Trierer Dom) is the main Roman Catholic church in Trier, Germany. The cathedral is notable for its extremely long life span under multiple different eras in design, including the center of the main chapel being made of Roman brick laid under the direction of Saint Helen, resulting in a cathedral added on to gradually rather than rebuilt in different eras. A Roman Catholic church which dates back to Roman times and is home to the Holy Tunic, a garment that presumably goes back to the robe Jesus was wearing when he died. It is only exhibited every few decades, at irregular intervals. Trier (French: Trèves; Luxembourgish: Tréier; Latin: Augusta Treverorum) is a city in Germany on the banks of the Moselle River. It is the oldest city in Germany, founded in or before 16 BC. Trier is not the only city claiming to be Germany's oldest, but it is the only one that bases this assertion on having the longest history as a city, as opposed to a mere settlement or army camp. Trier lies in a valley between low vine-covered hills of ruddy sandstone in the west of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate, near the German border with Luxembourg and within the important Mosel-Saar-Ruwer wine-growing region. Trier is the oldest seat of a Christian bishop north of the Alps. In the Middle Ages, the Archbishop of Trier was an important ecclesiastical prince, as the Archbishopric of Trier controlled land from the French border to the Rhine. He was also one of the seven electors of the Holy Roman Empire. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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