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Chan Chan Archaelogical Zone
Site number:
Type of site: Heritage in danger
Date: 15th century
Date of Inscription: 1986
Location: South America, Peru, Depart.: La Libertad. Prov.: Trujillo. Distr.: Huanchaco
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Description: Not long before falling to the Incas in the 15th century, the Chimu Kingdom, with Chan Chan as its capital, reached its apogee. This enormous city was the largest in pre-Columbian America; its planning suggests a firm political and social approach, manifested through the city's splitting up into nine 'citadels' or 'palaces' creating autonomous units. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  The largest Pre-Columbian city in South America, Chan Chan is an archaeological site located in the Peruvian region of La Libertad, five km west of Trujillo. Covering an area of approximately 20 km², Chan Chan was constructed by the Chimor (the kingdom of the Chimú), a late intermediate period civilization which grew out of the remnants of the Moche civilization. The vast mud city of Chan Chan was built between c.850 and c.1470 and was the imperial capital until Chimor was conquered by the Inca in the 15th century. It is estimated that 30,000 people lived in the city of Chan Chan. The city is composed of ten walled citadels which housed ceremonial rooms, burial chambers, temples, reservoirs and some residences. Each of these citadels has a rectangular configuration with a north-facing entrance, high walls, and a labyrinth of passages. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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