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Historic Areas of Istanbul
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 6th-century
Date of Inscription: 1985
Location: Eurasia, Turkey, City and Province of Istanbul
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Description: Istanbul sits in a strategic location on the Bosphorus peninsula sandwiched between the Balkans and Anatolia, the Black Sea and the Mediterranean. For more than 2,000 years it has been allied with the foremost political, religious and artistic events. Its tour de force includes the ancient Hippodrome of Constantine, the 6th-century Hagia Sophia and the 16th-century Süleymaniye Mosque, all of which are currently in serious peril from population pressure, industrial pollution and unrestrained urbanization. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Istanbul (Turkish: İstanbul, historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see Names of Istanbul) is Turkey's most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. The city covers 25 districts of the Istanbul province. It is located on the Bosphorus Strait, and encompasses the natural harbor known as the Golden Horn, in the northwest of the country. It extends both on the European (Thrace) and on the Asian (Anatolia) side of the Bosphorus, and is thereby the only metropolis in the world which is situated on two continents. In its long history, Istanbul served as the capital city of the Roman Empire (330-395), the Byzantine Empire (395-1204 and 1261-1453), the Latin Empire (1204-1261), and the Ottoman Empire (1453-1922). The city was chosen as joint European Capital of Culture for 2010. The historic areas of Istanbul were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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