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Site number:
Type of site: Heritage in danger
Date: 2nd century AD
Date of Inscription: 1985
Location: Middle East, Iraq, Governorate of Ninawa
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Description: Hatra is a large fortified city which has stood under the influence of the Parthian Empire; it was once the capital of the first Arab Kingdom. Its high, thick walls reinforced by towers allowed it to withstand Roman invasions in 116 and 198 A.D. The city’s ruins, in particular the temples that blend Hellenistic and Roman architecture with Eastern decorative features, stand as evidence to the greatness of the site’s civilization. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.

Hatra (Arabic: الحضر al-Ḥaḍr) was an ancient city in the Ninawa Governorate and al-Jazira region of Iraq. It was known as al-Hadr, a name which appears once in ancient inscriptions, and it was in the ancient Persian province of Khvarvaran. The city lies 290 km (180 mi) northwest of Baghdad and 110 km (68 mi) southwest of Mosul. On 7 March 2015, various sources including Iraqi officials reported that the militant group Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) had begun demolishing the ruins of Hatra. Video released by ISIL the next month showed destruction of the monuments.

--Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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