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City of Cuzco
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 16th century
Date of Inscription: 1983
Location: South America, Peru, City of Cuzco
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Description: Under the Inca ruler Pachacutec the city of Cuzco, located in the Peruvian Andes, grew into a complex urban centre with separate religious and administrative functions. Visibly defined areas for agricultural, artisan and industrial production surrounded the site. When the Spaniards occupied the city in the 16th century, they upheld the basic structure but erected Baroque churches and palaces on top of the ruins of the Inca city. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Cusco (also spelled Cuzco, and in the native Quechua language as Qusqu IPA: ['qos.qo]) is a city in southeastern Peru, near the Urubamba Valley (Sacred Valley) of the Andes mountain range. It is the capital of the Cusco Region as well as the Cusco Province. The city has a population of about 300,000, triple the population it contained just 20 years ago. The altitude of the city, located on the eastern end of the Knot of Cusco, is around 3,500 m (11,500 feet). The historic capital of the sun-worshiping Inca empire, it was found in 2006 to be the spot on Earth with the highest ultraviolet light level. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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