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Central Zone of the Town of Angra do Heroismo in the Azores
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 15th century
Date of Inscription: 1983
Location: Europe, Portugal, Région autonome des Açores
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Description: The Town of Angra do Heroismo, located on one of the Azores archipelago islands, acted as a required port of call from the 15th century until the dawn of the steamship in the 19th century. The site boasts unique examples of military architecture: the 400-year-old San Sebastião and San João Baptista fortifications. In 1980 it was damaged by an earthquake; currently Angra is under restoration. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Angra, or Angra do Heroísmo is a city of some 21.300 people and municipality in Terceira Island in the Portuguese autonomous region of the Azores. The municipality has a population of 35,581 and an area of 239.0 km². It is bordered by Praia da Vitória to the east. The present Mayor is José Pedro Parreira Cardoso, elected by the Socialist Party. It was classified as a World Heritage site by UNESCO in 1983. Angra occupies the south coast of Terceira. It is the headquarters of a military command, and the residence of a Roman Catholic bishop. Its principal buildings are the cathedral, military college, arsenal and observatory. The harbour, now of little commercial or strategic importance, but formerly a celebrated naval station, is sheltered on the west and south-west by the promontory of Monte Brasil, but it is inferior to the neighbouring ports of Ponta Delgada and Horta. The foreign trade is not large, and consists chiefly in the exportation of pineapples and other fruit. Angra served as a refuge for Queen Maria II of Portugal from 1830 to 1833. It also served as refuge for Almeida Garrett during the Napoleonic Wars. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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