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Medina of Fez
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 9th century
Date of Inscription: 1981
Location: Africa, Morocco, City of Fez
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Six official UN languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Other languages: Greek, Tamil
Description: Fez, which was founded in the 9th century, holds the world’s oldest university. During the Marinid rule, when it replaced Marrakesh as the kingdom’s capital in the 13th–14th centuries the town saw the peak of its prosperity. Dating from this period are the town’s urban fabric and the principal monuments in the medina including madrasas, fondouks, palaces, residences, mosques and fountains. Despite the fact that in 1912 the political capital of Morocco was transferred to Rabat, Fez has held on to its status as the country's cultural and spiritual centre. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  (Arabic: فاس البالي, English: The Old Fes) is the oldest and walled part of Fes, Morocco. It was founded by the Idrisid Idris II. The Bali term came in contrast with Fes Jdid (English Language: New Fes) which was built by the Marinids in 1276.Fes el Bali is the largest of the two medinas of Fes and is believed to be the largest contiguous carfree urban area in the world by population. Fes el Bali was classified as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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