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Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 18th century
Date of Inscription: 1981
Location: Europe, Germany, State of Bavaria (Bayern), District of Lower Franconia
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Description: The Würzburg Residence is one of the largest and most beautiful Baroque palaces in Germany and enclosed by magnificent gardens; it was shaped under the benefaction of the prince-bishops Lothar Franz and Friedrich Carl von Schönborn. The building and decoration during the18th century was accomplished by an international team of architects, painters (among them Tiepolo), sculptors and stucco-workers, directed by Balthasar Neumann. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  The Würzburg Residenz (Residence) is a palace in Würzburg, Germany. It was designed by several of the leading Baroque architects. Lucas von Hildebrandt and Maximilian von Welsch, leading representants of the Austrian/South German Baroque were involved as well as Robert de Cotte and Germain Boffrand, who were prominent architects of the French Style. Balthasar Neumann, architect of the court of the bishop of Würzburg was the principal architect of the Residenz, which was commissioned by the prince bishop of Würzburg Johann Philipp Franz von Schönborn and his brother Friedrich Carl von Schönborn in 1720 and was completed in 1744. The Venetian painter Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, assisted by his son, Domenico, painted frescoes in the building. The most spectacular interiors include the grand staircase, the chapel and the grand salon, and was indeed dubbed the "nicest parsonage in Europe" by Napoleon. The Residenz was heavily damaged in World War II, and restoration has been in progress since 1945. The Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square was inscribed in the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1981. According to the Advisory Body Evaluation, the inclusion in the List was a "measure.... so clearly desirable that the proposal of the Federal Republic of Germany does not require lengthy justification.... The Residence is at once the most homogeneous and the most extraordinary of the Baroque palaces.... It represents a unique artistic realization by virtue of its ambitious program, the originality of creative spirit and the international character of its workshop. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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