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Palestine: Land of Olives and Vines – Cultural Landscape of Southern Jerusalem, Battir
Site number:
Type of site: Heritage in danger
Date of Inscription: 2014
Location: Middle East, Palestine, south-west of Jerusalem, between Nablus and Hebron
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Description: This site is located a few kilometres south-west of Jerusalem, in the Central Highlands between Nablus and Hebron. The Battir hill landscape comprises a series of farmed valleys, known as widian, with characteristic stone terraces, some of which are irrigated for market garden production, while others are dry and planted with grapevines and olive trees. The development of terrace farming in such a mountainous region is supported by a network of irrigation channels fed by underground sources. A traditional system of distribution is then used to share the water collected through this network between families from the nearby village of Battir. --From the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Battir (Arabic: بتير‎) is a Palestinian village in the West Bank, 6.4 km west of Bethlehem, and southwest of Jerusalem. Ancient Betar, whose name Battir preserves, was a second century Jewish village and fortress, the site of the final battle of the Bar Kokhba revolt. It was inhabited during the Byzantine and Islamic periods, and in the Ottoman and British Mandate censuses its population was recorded as primarily Muslim. Battir is situated just above the route of the Jaffa–Jerusalem railway, which served as the armistice line between Israel and Jordan from 1949 until the Six-Day War, when it was captured by Israel. In former times, the city lay along the route from Jerusalem to Bet Gubrin. In 2007, Battir had a population of about 4,000 and was under the control of the Palestinian National Authority. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Source2: Wikipedia (
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center ( 2. Wikipedia.
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