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Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 13-18 centuries
Date of Inscription: 2010
Location: Middle East, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Eastern Azerbaijan, Tabriz
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Description: Tabriz Historic Bazaar Complex consists of a series of interconnected, covered, brick structures, building, and enclosed spaces used for different functions, and it is one of the most complete examples of the traditional commercial and cultural system of Iran. Located in Eastern Azerbaijan, Tabriz, a place of cultural exchange since antiquity and one of the most important commercial centres on the Silk Road, became the capital city of the Safavid kingdom in the 13th century. It lost its status as capital in the 16th century, but with the expansion of Ottoman power, it remained an important cultural hub until the 18th century. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  The Bazaar of Tabriz (بازار تبریز, Bāzār Tabriz) is one of the oldest bazaars of the Middle East and the largest covered bazar in the world. It was inscribed as World Heritage Site by UNESCO in July 2010. Tabriz has been a place of cultural exchange since antiquity and its historic bazaar complex is one of the most important commercial centres on the Silk Road. Located in the center of the city of Tabriz, Iran, this spectacular structure consists of several sub-bazaars, such as the Amir Bazaar (for gold and jewelry), the Mozzafarieh (a carpet bazaar), a shoe bazaar, and many more for a variety of other goods. The most prosperous time of Tabriz and its complex Bazaar was in the 13th century when town became the capital city of Safavid kingdom. The city lost its status as capital in the 16th century, but its Bazaar has remained important as a commercial and economic center. Although numerous new shops and malls have been established nowadays, the Bazaar of Tabriz remains the economic heart of the city and northwestern Iran. It is worth saying that Tabriz Bazaar has always been an important political place, and one can point out its importance in the Iranian Constitutional Revolution in the last century and Islamic Revolution in the contemporary time. Bazaar is used for some of important religious ceremonies, the most famous one is Day of Ashura while merchants cease the trade for about 10 days and religious ceremonies are holding inside the Bazaar. Like other bazaars in the Middle East, there are several mosques constructed behind the bazaar, the most notable of which is the Jome' Mosque. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center ( 2. Wikipedia.
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