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Australian Convict Sites
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 18-19 centuries
Date of Inscription: 2010
Location: Oceania, Australia, Tasmania, Sydney
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Description: During the 18th and 19th centuries, the British Empire transported tens of thousands of convicted men, women and children to Australia, where they were used as forced labor to build colonies around Sydney, Tasmania, Norfolk Island and in Fremantle. These eleven Australian Convict Sites represent the best preserved examples of the large-scale convict transportation, Aboriginal displacement, and colonial expansion of the British Empire in Australia. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  "Australian Convict Sites" is a World Heritage listed property consisting of 11 remnant penal sites originally built within the British Empire during the 18th and 19th centuries on fertile Australian coastal strips at Sydney, Tasmania, Norfolk Island, and Fremantle; now representing: "… the best surviving examples of large-scale convict transportation and the colonial expansion of European powers through the presence and labour of convicts." These properties were all individually included on the Australian National Heritage List before inclusion on the World Heritage list.

The 11 penal sites constituting the Australian Convict Sites World Heritage listed property are: Cockatoo Island Convict Site (New South Wales); Old Great North Road (New South Wales); Hyde Park Barracks (New South Wales); Old Government House (New South Wales); Kingston and Arthurs Vale Historic Area (Norfolk Island); Brickendon and Woolmers Estates (Tasmania); Cascades Female Factory (Tasmania); Coal Mines Historic Site (Tasmania); Darlington Probation Station (Tasmania); Port Arthur (Tasmania); and Fremantle Prison (Western Australia). --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.

Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center ( 2. Wikipedia.
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