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Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in “The Centre of Heaven and Earth”
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 13th centuries
Date of Inscription: 2010
Location: Asia, China, Henan Province, Dengfeng
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Description: This World Heritage Site includes eight clusters of buildings and sites constructed over the course of nine dynasties: three Han Que gates (remains of the oldest religious structures in China), temples, the Zhougong Sundial Platform and the Dengfeng Observatory. Spread over 20 square kilometers, these historical monuments stand near Dengfeng at the base of Mount Songshang, a 1500 meter high mountain considered to be the central sacred mountain of China, and a center for religious devotion. The city is home to various religious institutions and temples, and is poetically described as the spiritual “center of heaven and earth.” --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Dengfeng (Chinese: 登封; pinyin: Dēngfēng; Postal map spelling: Tengfeng) is a county-level city in Zhengzhou, Henan province. In ancient times, it was known as Yangcheng (simplified Chinese: 阳城; traditional Chinese: 陽城; pinyin: Yángchéng). Dengfeng has an area of 1220 square kilometers and a population of 630,000. Dengfeng is located at the foot of the Mount Song, one of the most sacred mountains in China. The city is one of the most renowned spiritual centres of China, home to various religious institutions and temples, such as the Taoist Zhongyue Temple, the Buddhist Shaolin Temple, as well as the Confucian Songyang Academy, hence its poetic expression derived from Chinese literature as the spiritual "centre of heaven and earth". The first Xia Dynasty capital Yangcheng was built west of Gaocheng Township on the Yin River under the sacred Mount Song. The famous Shaolin Monastery, traditional origin of Zen, is located in Dengfeng. In 2010, UNESCO inscribed several of the most renowned sites across Dengfeng onto its World Heritage List under the title "Historic Monuments of Dengfeng in "The Centre of Heaven and Earth"."[2] The World Heritage Site includes several historic gates, temples (including the renowned Shaolin Temple), a Confucian academy and the Gaocheng Observatory: Gaocheng Astronomical Observatory, Huishan Temple, Qimu Que Gates, Shaolin Monastery and its Pagoda Forest, Shaoshi Que Gates, Songyang Academy, Songyue Temple Pagoda, Taishi Que Gates, Zhongyue Temple. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center ( 2. Wikipedia.
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