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Stoclet House
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 1905-1911
Date of Inscription: 2009
Location: Europe, Belgium, Vienna
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Description: In 1905 Adolphe Stoclet, a banker and art collector, commissioned this house from Josef Hoffmann, a leading architect of the Vienna Secession movement, imposing neither aesthetic nor financial restrictions on his desired project. The austere geometry of the house and garden (completed in 1911) marked a turning point in Art Nouveau, thus foreshadowing Art Deco and the Modern Movement within architectural design. One of the most accomplished and homogenous buildings of the Vienna Secession, the Stoclet House features works by Koloman Moser and Gustav Klimt, thus constructing a ‘total work of art' (Gesamtkunstwerk). The house, both externally and internally, retains a high level of integrity by maintaining most of its original fixtures and furnishings; a standing testimony to artistic renewal in European architecture. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  The Stoclet Palace (French: Palais Stoclet, Dutch: Stocletpaleis) is a private mansion built by architect Josef Hoffmann between 1905 and 1911 in Brussels (Belgium) for banker and art lover Adolphe Stoclet. Considered as Hoffman's masterpiece, the Stoclet's house is one of the most refined and luxurious private houses of the twentieth century. It was constructed on Brussels' Avenue de Tervueren/Tervurenlaan, in the municipality of Woluwe-Saint-Pierre, by the Wiener Werkstätte or Viennese Workshop. Although the marble-clad facade is radically simplified and looks forward to Modernism, it contains commissioned works by Gustav Klimt in the dining room, four copper figures at the top by sculptor Franz Metzner, and other craftwork inside and outside the building. This integration of architects, artists, and artisans makes it an example of Gesamtkunstwerk, one of the defining characteristics of Jugendstil. The mansion is no longer occupied by the Stoclet family, since the death of barronness Anny Stoclet in June 2002. It is therefore not open to visitors. The palace was designated as a world heritage site by UNESCO in June 2009. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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