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Al-Hijr Archaeological Site (Madâin Sâlih)
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 1st century BC
Date of Inscription: 2008
Location: Middle East, Saudi Arabia, northern Hejaz, 22 km from the red-cliffed wadi town of Al-`Ula
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Description: The Archaeological Site of Al-Hijr (Madâin Sâlih) is Saudi Arabia’s first inscribed World Heritage property. Previously known as Hegra, this is the principal conserved site of the Nabataean civilization south of Petra in Jordan. The site holds some 50 pre-Nabataean inscriptions as well as a number of cave drawings; its well-preserved monumental tombs with adorned facades date from the 1st century BC to the 1st century AD. Al-Hijr is a matchless witness of Nabataean civilization; with its 111 monumental tombs (94 decorated), and water wells, the site is an exceptional case of the Nabataeans’ architectural achievement and hydraulic knowledge. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Mada'in Saleh (or Madain Saleh) (Arabic: مدائن صالح , madāʼin Ṣāliḥ, "Cities of Saleh"), also called Al-Hijr ("rocky place"), is an ancient city located in northern Hejaz (modern day Saudi Arabia), around 22 km from the red-cliffed wadi town of Al-`Ula (Arabic: العلا‎). In ancient times the city was inhabited by Thamudis and Nabateans and was known as Hegra. Some of the inscriptions found in the area date back to the 2nd millennium BC. However, all the remaining architectural elements are dated to the period of the Thamudi and Nabatean civilizations, between the 1st millennium BC and the second century AD.In 2008, UNESCO proclaimed Mada'in Saleh as a site of patrimony, becoming Saudi Arabia's first World Heritage Site. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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