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Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 1949-1952
Date of Inscription: 2007
Location: North America, Mexico, Mexico City
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Description: The Central University City Campus of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) encompasses an ensemble of buildings, sports facilities and open spaces all of which were constructed between 1949 and1952 by more than 60 architects, engineers and artists all of which were a part of the project. Consequently, the campus composes a sole instance of 20th-century modernism that assimilates urbanism, architecture, engineering, landscape design and fine arts rich with allusions to local traditions, particularly Mexico's pre-Hispanic past. The buildings embody universally significant social and cultural values. Acknowledged across the world, the campus is among the most noteworthy icons of modernity in Latin America. It is also one of the world’s few projects where the principles proposed by modern architectural movements and town planning were thoroughly applied; their ultimate rationale was to improve the quality of people's lives. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  The National Autonomous University of Mexico (Spanish: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, abbreviated UNAM) is a large public university in Mexico. It was founded on September 21, 1551 as the Real y Pontificia Universidad de México (Royal and Pontifical University of Mexico) and is the second oldest university by foundation in the Americas, just behind the National University of San Marcos in Lima, Peru (founded on May 12, 1551). It is the largest university in Latin America and is ranked the best in Latin America, Spain and Portugal according to a study conducted by The Times released in 2005-2006. A study by Peking University also considered UNAM to be the best university in the region and also the sole most important university in the Spanish-speaking world. In addition, it is the only university in Mexico with three Nobel Laureates among its former students: Alfonso García Robles (Peace), Octavio Paz (Literature), and Mario Molina (Chemistry). (There is arguably a fourth Nobel Prize awarded twice to a UNAM member: Ana María Cetto was awarded the 1995 Nobel Peace Prize as a member of the Pugwash Conferences and the 2005 Nobel Peace Prize as a member of the IAEA, in 2007 the following 10 members of the UNAM were distinguished with the Nobel Peace Prize as part of the IPCC they are Carlos Gay García, Graciela Binimelis de Raga, Víctor Magaña Rueda, Cecilia Conde Álvarez, Francisco Estrada Porrúa, Ana Rosa Moreno, Blanca Jiménez, Claudia Sheinbaum Pardo, Omar Masera Cerutti y Carlos Anaya Merchant). UNAM's Autonomy, gained in the 1920's, has given it the freedom to define its own curricula and manage its own budget without interference from the government. This has had a profound effect on academic life at the University, known for its academic freedom and independence. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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