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Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra
Site number:
Type of site: Natural Heritage in danger
Date of Inscription: 2004
Location: Asia, Indonesia, Provinces of Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, Sumatra Utara, Jambi, Sumatra Barat,Bengkulu
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Six official UN languages: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
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Description: Three national parks: Gunung Leuser National Park, Kerinci Seblat National Park and Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park encompass this 2.5 million hectare site, the Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra. The site possesses an enormous potential for long term conservation of Sumatra’s unique and diverse biota, and thus save numerous endangered species. The protected area is marked with an estimated 10,000 plant species, counting 17 endemic genera; over 200 mammal species; and around 580 bird species of which 465 are resident and 21-endemic. Among the mammal species, 22 are not found anywhere else outside the archipelago and 15 are only found in the Indonesian region, among them the endemic Sumatran orangutan. Biogeographical studies draw conclusions about the evolutionary development of the whole island. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra site was listed in UNESCO World Heritage list in 2004. It comprises three Indonesian national parks on the island of Sumatra — Gunung Leuser National Park, Kerinci Seblat National Park and the Southern Hills National Park. The site is listed under Criteria vii - outstanding scenic beauty; ix- an outstanding example representing significant on-going ecological and biological processes; and x- contains the most important and significant natural habitats for in-situ conservation. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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