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Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City
Site number:
Type of site: Heritage in danger
Date: 18-19th-century
Date of Inscription: 2004
Location: Europe, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, England, Liverpool
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Description: Six areas, located in the maritime mercantile City of Liverpool’s historic centre and docklands, hold testimony to the development of one of the world’s foremost trading centres in the 18th and 19th centuries. Liverpool was an important factor in the British Empire’s growth and became a key port for the mass movement of people, e.g. slaves and northern European emigrants to America. Liverpool led the way in the development of up to date dock technology, transport systems, and port management. The listed sites include a vast amount of noteworthy commercial, civic and public buildings, among them St George’s Plateau. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Liverpool is a city and metropolitan borough in Merseyside, England, along the eastern side of the Mersey Estuary. In 2004 Liverpool's waterfront was declared as a UNESCO World Heritage site, reflecting the city's importance in the development of the world's trading system and dock technology. The docks are central to Liverpool's history, with the best-known being Albert Dock: the first enclosed, non-combustible dock warehouse system in the world and is built in cast iron, brick and stone. It was designed by Jesse Hartley. Restored in the 1980s, the Albert Dock is the largest collection of Grade I listed buildings in Britain. Part of the old dock complex is now the home to the Merseyside Maritime Museum (an Anchor Point of ERIH, The European Route of Industrial Heritage), the International Slavery Museum, Museum of Liverpool Life and the Tate Liverpool. Other relics of the dock system include the Stanley Dock Tobacco Warehouse, which at the time of its construction in 1901, was the world's largest building in terms of area, and is still the worlds largest brick-work building. The Pier Head is the most famous image of Liverpool, the location of the Three Graces (a fairly recent phrase), three of Liverpool's most recognisable buildings. The first is the Royal Liver Building, built in the early 1900s and surmounted by two bronze domes with a Liver Bird (the symbol of Liverpool) on each. The second is the Cunard Building, the headquarters of the former Cunard shipping company. The third is the Port of Liverpool Building, the home of the former Mersey Docks and Harbour Board which regulated the city's docks. Kings Dock immediately to the South of the Albert dock is the site of the Kings Dock Arena and conference centre currently under construction due to open in January 2008. In front of these buildings at the waters edge are the memorials to the men of the merchant navy who sailed out of the port during both World Wars. Memorials to the British mariners, Norwegian, Dutch and to the thousands of Chinese seamen who manned Britain's ships cluster together here. Perhaps most interesting is the Chinese memorial to the men forcibly deported from the city after World War Two and to the families they left behind. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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