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Kernavė Archaeological Site (Cultural Reserve of Kernavė)
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: Prehist-Mid.age
Date of Inscription: 2004
Location: Europe, Lithuania, Vilnius county, Širvintos district, Kernave town
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Description: Eastern Lithuania’s Kernavė Archaeological Site, located about 35 km northwest of Vilnius, is an exceptional symbol of some 10 millennia of human settlement in this region. Encompassing the town of Kernavė within the valley of the River Neris sits the complex ensemble that makes up this site; made of archaeological properties, forts, a number of unfortified settlements, burial sites and further archaeological, historical and cultural monuments ranging between the late Palaeolithic periods to the Middle Ages. Within the 194,4-ha area, traces of ancient land use have managed to survive to this day such as remains of five impressive hill forts, that constitute part of an exceptionally large defense system. In the Middle Ages Kernavė was a significant feudal town. Although in the late 14th century the town saw vast destruction by the hand of the Teutonic Order, the site has persisted and remained in use up until this day. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Kernavė, a medieval capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, today is a tourist and archeological village (with population of 318 as of 1999) in Širvintos district municipality in southeast Lithuania. A Lithuanian state cultural reserve was established in Kernavė in 2003. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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