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Quebrada de Humahuaca
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 15-16 century
Date of Inscription: 2003
Location: South America, Argentina, Province of Juyuy
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Description: Following the Camino Inca, an important cultural route, the Quebrada de Humahuaca weaves along the impressive valley of the Rio Grande. It starts at its source in the glacial desert plateau of the High Andeans lands to its convergence with the Rio Leon, 150 km to the south. The valley's use as a major trade route throughout the past 10,000 years is revealed through material evidence present in the location, such as indications of prehistoric hunter-gather communities from the Inca Empire (15th - 16th centuries) as well as the war for independence (19th and 20th centuries). --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  The Quebrada de Humahuaca is a narrow mountain valley located in the province of Jujuy in northwest Argentina, about 1,500 km from Buenos Aires (23°11′59″S, 65°20′56″W). It is about 155 kilometres long, oriented north-south, bordered by the Altiplano in the west and north, by the Sub-Andean hills in the east, and by the warm valleys (Valles Templados) in the south. The name quebrada (literally "broken") translates as a deep valley or ravine. It receives its name from Humahuaca, a small city of 11,000 inhabitants. The Grande River (Río Grande), which is dry in winter, flows copiously through the Quebrada in the summer. The region has always been a crossroads for economic, social and cultural communication. It has been populated for 10,000 years, since the settlement of the first hunter-gatherers, which is evidenced by substantial prehistoric remains. It was a caravan road for the Inca Empire in the 15th century, then an important link between the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata and the Viceroyalty of Peru, as well as a stage for many battles of the Argentine War of Independence. The Quebrada de Humahuaca is a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 2 July 2003. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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