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Cultural Landscape of Honghe Hani Rice Terraces
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 9-21st century
Date of Inscription: 2013
Location: Asia, China, Southern Yunnan
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Six official UN languages: Chinese, English, French
Other languages: Croatian, Japanese, Vietnamese
Description: The Cultural Landscape of Honghe Hani Rice Terraces, China covers 16,603-hectares in Southern Yunnan. It is marked by spectacular terraces that cascade down the slopes of the towering Ailao Mountains to the banks of the Hong River. Over the past 1,300 years, the Hani people have developed a complex system of channels to bring water from the forested mountaintops to the terraces. They have also created an integrated farming system that involves buffalos, cattle, ducks, fish and eel and supports the production of red rice, the area’s primary crop. The inhabitants worship the sun, moon, mountains, rivers, forests and other natural phenomena including fire. They live in 82 villages situated between the mountaintop forests and the terraces. The villages feature traditional thatched “mushroom” houses. The resilient land management system of the rice terraces demonstrates extraordinary harmony between people and their environment, both visually and ecologically, based on exceptional and long-standing social and religious structures. --WHMNet's description is from WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Honghe Hani Rice Terraces is the terrace located in the Honghe Prefecture, Yunnan, China. The terraces has 1,200 years of history. The distribution has four counties: Yuanyang, Honghe, Jinpin and Lvchun. The core area of the Rice Terraces is located in the Yuanyang County. The area has 1,000,000 acres and declaration area has 16,603 ha. In 2013, the Honghe Hani Rice Terraces was listed as a World Heritage Site. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Source2: Wikipedia (
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center ( 2. Wikipedia.
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