You are in: Europe -> Czech Republic -> Tugendhat Villa in Brno, and traditional search or Image Gallery will yield results of this site only
Tugendhat Villa in Brno
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 1920
Date of Inscription: 2001
Location: Europe, Czech Republic, South Moravian Region
Image Gallery
Up to 75 images are shown here. Click on each for more details or on Image Gallery for more images.
Description: Designed by the architect Mies van der Rohe, Brno’s Tugendhat Villa is a striking example of the international style in the architectural modern movement as its influence expanded in Europe during the 1920s. Its particular significance lies in the use of original spatial and aesthetic concepts that are meant to address the needs of new lifestyles by taking advantage of the opportunities provided by the modern industrial production. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  The Villa Tugendhat is considered a masterpiece of the German architect Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. Built in 1930 in Brno, in today's Czech Republic, for Fritz Tugendhat and his wife Greta, the villa soon became an icon of modern architecture. It is a paradigmatic example of functionalism. Van der Rohe used the revolutionary iron framework which enabled him to dispense with supporting walls and arrange the interior in order to achieve a feeling of space and light. He also designed all furniture (two types of armchair designed for the building, the Tugendhat chair and the Brno chair, are still in production). There were no paintings or decorative items in the villa but the interior was by no means austere due to the use of naturally patterned materials such as the captivating onyx wall and rare tropical woods. The onyx wall is partially translucent and changes appearance when the evening sun is low. The architect also managed to make the magificient view from the villa an integral part of the interior. The cost of building the villa was very high due to the unusual construction method, the luxurious materials, very modern technology of heating, ventilation etc. It is also quite large for a family house, a fact which may escape casual visitors since the elegant simplicity of the rooms used by the family is compensated by a very large space occupied by various utility rooms. Fritz and Greta Tugendhat, who were Jewish, left Czechoslovakia with their children in 1938, shortly before the country was dismembered following the Munich agreement. They never returned. The house was used for various practical purposes for several decades after World War II and in 1992 the political leaders of Czechoslovakia met there to sign the document that formally divided the country into the present separate states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Since 1994 the villa has been open to the public as a museum administered by the city of Brno. In 2007 the heirs of Fritz and Greta have formally applied for the restitution of the villa, citing a law covering works of art confiscated during the Holocaust. The reason for this application appears to be frustration over the failure of the municipality of Brno to carry out vital restoration work. Whether the claim will be successful (can a building, for legal purposes, be considered a work of art?) remains to be seen. The house was featured in the 2007 film Hannibal Rising as the lead villain's Villa. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
World Map