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Aranjuez Cultural Landscape
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 18th century
Date of Inscription: 2001
Location: Europe, Spain, Province and Autonomous Community of Madrid
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Description: The Aranjuez cultural landscape is a body of intricate relationships: between nature and human activity, between winding waterways and geometric landscape design, between the countryside and the city areas, between forest scenery and the gracefully adapted architecture of its grand buildings. This landscape has developed and been cared for by the royal attention it has seen throughout the last three hundred years; as a result it has articulated an evolution of beliefs from humanism and political centralization, to characteristics similar to those observed in its 18th century French-style Baroque garden, to the everyday city life which grew in conjunction with the sciences of plant acclimatization and stock-breeding throughout the Age of Enlightenment. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  The Palacio Real de Aranjuez is a residence of the King of Spain, one of the Spanish royal sites. It is located in Aranjuez (province of Madrid). It was commissioned by Philip II and designed by Juan Bautista de Toledo and Juan de Herrera, who also designed El Escorial. It was completed during the reign of Ferdinand VI; Charles III had two wings added to it. A smaller palace, the Casa del Labrador, also stands on the grounds. Its huge gardens, built to relieve its royal residents from the dust and drought of the Spanish meseta using the waters of the adjacent Tagus and Jarama rivers, are Spain's most important of the Habsburg period. The Jardin de la Isla is on a man-made island bounded by the River Tagus and the Ria Canal. The museum's important art and historical collections include the Museo de la Vida en Palacio, describing the daily lives of Spain's monarchs, and the Museo de las Falúas Reales, housing the most important extant collection of Spain's royal pleasure barges. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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