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Derwent Valley Mills
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 18-19th-century
Date of Inscription: 2001
Location: Europe, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, England, Derbyshire
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Description: Central England’s Derwent Valley encloses a string of 18th and 19th century cotton mills as well as an industrial landscape of great historical and technological significance. The mills at Cromford, where the inventions of Richard Arkwright were first put into industrial-scale production, constitute the origins of the modern factory. The workers' housing connected with this and the other mills are still intact illustrating the area’s socio-economic development. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Derwent Valley Mills is a World Heritage Site along the River Derwent in Derbyshire, England, designated in December 2001. The modern factory, or 'mill', system was born here in the 18th century to accommodate the new technology for spinning cotton developed by Richard Arkwright. The insertion of industrial establishments into a rural landscape meant the construction of housing for the mill workers. The site consists of the communities of Cromford, Belper, Milford, Darley Abbey and Lombe's Mills, and it includes 867 listed buildings. A further nine structures are Scheduled Ancient Monuments. At the Working Textile Museum at Richard Arkwright's Masson Mill, there are approximately 680,000 bobbins on display. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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