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Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 19th century
Date of Inscription: 2001
Location: Europe, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, England, West Yorkshire
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Description: Saltaire, located in West Yorkshire, is a whole and well-preserved industrial village dating from the second half of the 19th century. the urban plan of the site survives intact to this day, presenting a lucid illustration of Victorian philanthropic paternalism; its textile mills, public buildings and workers' lodging was all constructed in a harmonious manner of high architectural standards. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
  Saltaire is the name of a Victorian era model village in the metropolitan borough of Bradford, West Yorkshire, England, by the River Aire and the Leeds and Liverpool Canal. The village has also been declared as a World Heritage Site and is an Anchor Point of ERIH – the European Route of Industrial Heritage. Saltaire was founded by Sir Titus Salt an enlightened industrialist in 1853. The name of the village is a combination of the founder's surname with the name of the river. Salt moved his entire business from Bradford to this site near Shipley partly to provide better arrangements for his workers than could be had in Bradford and partly to site his large textile mill by a canal and a railway. Salt employed the Bradford firm of Lockwood and Mawson as his architects. A similar project had been started a few years earlier by Edward Akroyd at Copley, also in West Yorkshire. The cotton milling village of New Lanark, which is also a World Heritage site, was founded by David Dale in 1786. Salt built neat stone houses for his workers (much better than the slums of Bradford), wash-houses with running water, bath-houses, a hospital, as well as an Institute for recreation and education, with a library, a reading room, a concert hall, billiard room, science laboratory and gymnasium. The village also provided almshouses, allotments, a park and a boathouse. In December 2001, Saltaire was designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. This means that the government has a duty to protect the site. The village has survived remarkably complete, but is somewhat blighted by traffic, as the Aire valley is an important East-West route. There is also a need to restore the park which has suffered from vandalism. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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