Historical Centre of the City of Arequipa
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||Built in volcanic sillar rock, the historic centre of Arequipa characterizes an assimilation of European and native building techniques and features, articulated in colonial masters’ and Criollo and Indian masons’ commendable work. This blend of influences is exemplified by the city's robust walls, archways and vaults, courtyards and open spaces, and the elaborate Baroque facade adornment. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available.
||Arequipa is a large city in southern Peru and the nation's second most important city. It is also the capital of the Arequipa Province, and is 633.8 miles from Lima. The city lies in the highlands at the foot of the snow-capped volcano El Misti. El Misti is currently inactive, but erupted strongly between 1438 and 1471. Several smaller eruptions have occurred since then, most recently in 1870. Arequipa has over 80 volcanoes which can be found in the Valley of Volcanoes. Arequipa has many fine colonial-era Spanish buildings built of sillar, a pearly white volcanic rock used extensively in the city, and from which it gets its nickname La Ciudad Blanca ("the white city"). The historic center of the city was named a UNESCO world heritage site in 2000, in recognition of its architecture and historic integrity. The city is located at an altitude of 2,380 meters (7740 feet) above sea level. El Misti is located between two smaller volcanoes - Chachani "the Beloved" and Picchu Picchu "Top Top" - both named in the Quechua language of the ancient Inca Empire. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.
||1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.