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Itchan Kala
Site number:
Type of site: Cultural
Date: 19th century
Date of Inscription: 1990
Location: Asia, Uzbekistan, Khorezm region, Khiva
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Description: As the inner town the old Khiva oasis, Itchan Kala is protected by 10 m high brick walls and encloses the final resting-place of caravans prior to journeying across the desert to Iran. Even though among those remaining there are hardly any incredibly old monuments, the site is a sound and well-preserved model of Muslim architecture in the context of Central Asia. There are a number of marvelous edifices such as the Djuma Mosque, the mausoleums and the madrasas and the two glorious palaces erected by Alla-Kulli-Khan in the early 19th century. --WHMNet paraphrase from the description at WHC Site, where additional information is available. For 360 degree imaging of this site, click here.
  Itchan Kala is the walled inner town of the city of Khiva, Uzbekistan. Since 1990, it has been protected as the World Heritage Site. The old town retains more than 50 historic monuments and 250 old houses, dating primarily from the 18th or 19th centuries. Djuma Mosque, for instance, was established in the 10th century and rebuilt in 1788-89, although its celebrated hypostyle hall still retains 112 columns taken from ancient structures. The most spectacular features of Itchan Kala are its crenellated brick walls and four gates at each side of the rectangular fortress. Although the foundations are believed to have been laid in the 10th century, present-day 10-meters-high walls were erected mostly in the late 17th century and later repaired. --Wikipedia. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. For 360 degree imaging of this site, click here.
Reference: 1. UNESCO World Heritage Center, Site Page.
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